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WHM (Web Host Manager) provides backend functionality for cPanel, and must be configured on new cPanel servers before cPanel becomes accessible. This guide will help you access WHM to complete the server’s basic configuration process.

Accessing WHM

  1. Identify your connection details. You will need:
    1. Your server’s IP address
    2.  'root' password
  2. Access the WHM login page using the server’s IP address as part of the URL. Please ensure that you include https:// in front of the address and :2087 at the end of it.
    1. Example: https://192.168.1.100:2087/

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You should now see one of the following screens:

Initial Setup Wizard

When accessing a new server, the first WHM login will take you to the Initial Setup Wizard. Most options can be left as default. Full documentation of the various options can be found at https://documentation.cpanel.net/display/ALD/Initial+Setup+Wizard

Step 1: Agreement

To proceed, read and then accept the license agreement by clicking “I Agree/Go to Step 2”.

Step 2: Setup Networking

 

Fill in all details marked with a red asterisk (*) and click ”Save & Go to Step 3”.

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Enter a pair of DNS servers that the server will use to resolve domain names. The default resolvers are Google’s DNS servers and are most commonly used: 8.8.8.8 and 8.8.4.4.

Step 3: Set Up IP Addresses

Most users will not need to configure any additional IPs during this initial setup. Click “Skip This Step and Use Default Settings” or click “Go to Step 4”.

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Note: Each server comes with one dedicated IP address that is automatically configured. cPanel will assign this IP as the server’s main-shared IP and will be used as the default IP address for all sites and services. cPanel will always refer to the main IP as a “shared” IP because of this.

Step 4: Nameservers

This page allows you to configure your server to host custom DNS nameservers for your domains. Review the settings below and then click “Save & Go to Step 5”.

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Select the checkbox to create an “A” record on the server for the hostname. Ensure the text box contains your server’s IP address.

Step 5: Services

Review the settings below and then click “Save & Go to Step 5”.

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Note: Older versions of WHM/cPanel will also ask you to select an email service during this step. The default settings should work for most users.

Step 6: Set Up Quotas

Select whether or not you’d like the server to use file system quotas, and then click “Finish Setup Wizard”

Quotas are used to track the amount of disk space each cPanel account uses, and will allow you to place limitations on the amount of space each account is allowed to use.
This is ideal if you plan to host multiple sites under different cPanel accounts, but also causes some overhead and will slow-down the boot process for servers with a large amount of disk usage. If the server will only be hosting a few sites, or will have a limited number of accounts, you might want to consider disabling quotas.

 

Feature Showcase

This page displays a selection of advanced options that cPanel believes may be useful. We won’t cover any of them in this article, but review them if you’d like. If you click “Exit to WHM” the showcase will be displayed again the next time you login to WHM.

 

Navigating WHM

There are many options available in WHM. Each is organized under various categories and menus.

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